Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati is working actively to make a major contribution in building a sustainable future.
As a part of the G20 initiatives, IIT Guwahati innovators have constructed a 3D printed security post using a special M40 grade sustainable concrete containing industrial wastes, fibers and chemical admixtures.
A team of Dodda Srinivas, Dhrutiman Dey, and Akshay Sahu, started a startup, Stratify 3D Pvt. Ltd. under the mentorship of Dr Biranchi Panda, Assistant Professor, IIT Guwahati, have developed this digital technology in line with #AatmaNirbhar Bharat vision of our prime minister Narendra Modi. This automated and innovative technology developed at IIT Guwahati is ready to provide customised houses in India in less construction time with controlled quality.
In order to print the overhanging features, a special sustainable concrete mix design (patent pending) was prepared with different combinations of accelerator and retarder that meets the demanding rheological and mechanical performance requirements of 3D printed structure. The modules were printed using an automated concrete 3D printer in 15 hours and later assembled on-site using a special bonding agent.
“In this project, we addressed aesthetic potential of digital construction technology while utilizing sustainable construction materials. Material and surface texture demonstrate the remarkable aesthetic possibilities of concrete printing technology used for the security post-construction”.
The world is witnessing transformative trends of demographic transitions and technological changes, such as Industry 4.0, that will facilitate improvements in productivity, efficiency and economic benefits. However, research focusing on the practices of Industry 4.0 applications and circular economy in construction sector is scant.
The construction sector represents 13 percent of the GDP and produces approximately 40 percent of total carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Emerging technologies such as 3D printing play a vital role in achieving circular construction economy. This requires integration of new sustainable materials derived from industrial wastes with multi-functionality properties.